你有什么心愿？你此时希望做什么事情？在表达自己的愿望时，可以用 “I wish…” 句式。由 “I wish” 引导的从句使用虚拟语气，其时态随愿望的时间点而变化。本集 “一分钟英语” 讲解 “I wish” 句式中的时态变化。
Hi, everyone. Tom here, from BBC Learning English in London. And today, I'm going to tell you what to say after the word wish.
When we're talking about wishes, we're talking about situations that are imaginary or unreal. To show this, after saying 'I wish', we use the past to talk about the wish, which is in the present.
So, I could say: I wish I had a cup of tea. Ah, thank you!
Now, if we want to make a wish about the past, we need to use the past past - or the past perfect.
For example: I wish I had chosen a more formal shirt before I filmed this video today.
'Wish' is a verb which talks about unreal or imagined situations. Because of this, it has some unusual verb patterns:
动词 “wish” 用来谈论不真实的或想象中的情况。因此，“wish” 引导的从句的谓语形式很特别。
A present wish
When we want to make a wish about a present situation, we use wish and a past simple or continuous verb.
I don't have my umbrella. I wish I had my umbrella.
She doesn't know the answer. I wish she knew the answer.
You're at work, but you wish you were playing football, right?
A past wish
When we want to make a wish about a past action or situation, we use wish and the past perfect - had + past participle verb.
如果所谈论的愿望与过去的动作、行为或情况有关，“wish” 引导的从句谓语用过去完成时，即 “had + 过去分词”。
I'm so tired. I wish I had slept for another hour last night.
She knows she made a mistake. She wishes she hadn't been so silly.
You were right. I shouldn't have quit my job. I wish I had listened to you.